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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.41
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score23.19
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#319  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Terark
Initial release201420142016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsno
TriggersJavaScriptno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSnowflakeTerarkDB
Recent citations in the news

Microsoft ignites Apache Cassandra Azure service
2 March 2021, TechTarget

Global Document Databases Software Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc. – NeighborWebSJ
26 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Global NoSQL Databases Software Market Report 2021: Top Companies MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis etc – The Bisouv Network
1 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

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3 July 2017, TechNode

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26 June 2017, Indiatimes.com

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