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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.12
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score136.53
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score2.07
Rank#117  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.snowflake.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release201420142010
Current release7.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersJavaScriptno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSnowflakeStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

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9 May 2024, Microsoft

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21 May 2024, Microsoft

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6 July 2024, InfoQ.com

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Snowflake-linked attack on Advance Auto Parts exposes 2.3 million people
15 July 2024, Cybersecurity Dive

AT&T's massive data breach deepens crisis for Snowflake seven weeks after hack was disclosed
12 July 2024, CNBC

Toll of Snowflake Hack Widens With Theft of AT&T Text, Calling Data
12 July 2024, Yahoo Finance

The Snowflake Attack May Be Turning Into One of the Largest Data Breaches Ever
6 June 2024, WIRED

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