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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP HANA vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP HANA vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score36.51
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score49.67
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#303  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmltinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftSAP
Initial release201420102009
Current release2.0 SPS06 (March 4, 2022), March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptSQLScript, Rno
TriggersJavaScriptyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyesno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP HANATinkerGraph
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