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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Redis vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Redis vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database servicePopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score176.39
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score4.29
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbredis.com
redis.io
rocksdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
github.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperMicrosoftRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Facebook, Inc.
Initial release201420092013
Current release7.0.3, July 20227.3.1, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infowith RediSearch moduleno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolC++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
TriggersJavaScriptpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*through RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
no
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRedisRocksDB
Specific characteristicsThe Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesRedis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosRedis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersVerizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsMost launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRedis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Aiven for Redis: Store and access your data quickly and efficiently.
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Read the Redis NoSQL benchmark report.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRedisRocksDB
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Recent citations in the news

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Defender for Azure Cosmos DB Preview Announced by Microsoft
2 March 2022, Redmondmag.com

Xoriant X⋅CELERATE IoT Now Available in the Microsoft Azure Marketplace
25 July 2022, PR Newswire

ChaosDB: Infosec bods could pull anyone's plaintext Azure Cosmos DB keys at will from Microsoft admin tools
12 November 2021, The Register

Microsoft Warns Customers about a Critical Vulnerability in Azure Cosmos DB
31 August 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

How Kafka and Redis Solve Stream-Processing Challenges
8 August 2022, thenewstack.io

3 Reasons an Inefficient Cache Is Worse Than No Cache at All
15 July 2022, thenewstack.io

Top 10 Data Science Unicorns to Work For in 2023 and Beyond
13 August 2022, Analytics Insight

Speedb Picks Up Where RocksDB Leaves Off
21 July 2022, Datanami

Redis, MongoDB, and Elastic: 2022’s top exposed databases
27 April 2022, BleepingComputer

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Swim Maintains a Steady State Amid Fast-Moving Data
9 August 2022, Datanami

Did Rockset Just Solve Real-Time Analytics?
25 August 2021, Datanami

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