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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
RDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score37.95
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.09
Rank#194  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score114.77
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrdf4j.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201420042014
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesuser defined functions
TriggersJavaScriptyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Alert! Critical Vulnerability in Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB
3 November 2022, Data Center Knowledge

Azure Cosmos DB: Low Latency and High Availability at Planet Scale
30 October 2022, InfoQ.com

Microsoft Introduces Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL
16 October 2022, InfoQ.com

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12 October 2022, thenewstack.io

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30 November 2022, SiliconANGLE News

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2 December 2022, The Motley Fool

Snowflake quarterly net loss widens as expenses rise
30 November 2022, Reuters

What Is Snowflake? A Tutorial
18 November 2022, Built In

Snowflake Doubles Down On Data App Development, ISV Partners
7 November 2022, CRN

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