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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.55
Rank#220  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
Score6.30
Rank#61  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score121.89
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20142014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB19922000
Current release10 R1, October 201817, July 20153.34.0 (December 1, 2020), December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
TriggersJavaScriptyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoMVCCACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgres-XLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereSQLite
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