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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.33
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.52
Rank#122  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.postgresql.orgwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualstechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTmaxSoft
Initial release20141989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2003
Current release12.0, October 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC and Assembler
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
TriggersJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgreSQLTibero
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB gets built-in Jupyter notebooks support
1 October 2019, DevClass

Microsoft Announces General Availability of Jupyter Notebooks Support for Cosmos DB
8 October 2019, InfoQ.com

Azure Cosmos DB now has support for built-in Jupyter notebooks
1 October 2019, Neowin

How to use Jupyter Notebook and Apache Spark in Azure Cosmos DB - Microsoft
20 September 2019, Channel 9

NoSQL Databases Software Market Highlights by Major Players: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase.
15 October 2019, Global Market Release

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

TmaxSoft to Supply Database Management Software to Hyundai and Kia
25 June 2019, PRNewswire

TmaxData Succeeds in Applying Its Database Management System to ARM Server
3 May 2019, 전자신문

TmaxSoft is using clear licensing to woo Oracle database users
15 August 2016, PCWorld

Hyundai and Kia Say Good-bye to Oracle and Choose Tmax as DBMS Vendor
13 June 2019, BusinessKorea

Hyundai, Kia select TmaxData as database vendor
4 July 2019, Mega Dealer News

provided by Google News

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