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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OrientDB vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OrientDB vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score51.17
Rank#22  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dborientdb.orglucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPApache Software Foundation
Initial release201420102006
Current release3.1.9, February 20218.9.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language, no joinsSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJava, JavascriptJava plugins
TriggersJavaScriptHooksyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocould be achieved with distributed queriesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyes

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOrientDBSolr
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Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft to Azure Cosmos DB Users: Your Data May Have Been Exposed
30 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB incident underscores the need to closely watch cloud data – Urgent Comms
1 September 2021, Urgent Communications

Microsoft Pulls Azure Cosmos DB Component After Major Security Issue Exposed
27 August 2021, Petri.com

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17 September 2021, CRN Australia

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14 October 2021, The Manomet Current

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14 October 2021, Otterbein 360

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27 September 2021, Daily Northwestern

SOLR, UCM host dialogue with Compass employee to discuss workers rights
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