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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OrientDB vs. Sadas Engine

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OrientDB vs. Sadas Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSadas Engine  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)SADAS Engine is a columnar DBMS specifically designed for high performance in Data warehouse environments
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.04
Rank#329  Overall
#142  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dborientdb.orgwww.sadasengine.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sadasengine.com/­index.php/­downloads/­documentation-columnar-db
DeveloperMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSADAS s.r.l.
Initial release201420102006
Current release3.1.9, February 20218.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree trial version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJava, Javascriptno
TriggersJavaScriptHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infomanaged by 'Learn by Usage'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOrientDBSadas Engine
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Recent citations in the news

NoSQL Software Market Is Likely to Experience a Tremendous Growth in Near Future | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
10 January 2022, Digital Journal

Microsoft Warns Customers about a Critical Vulnerability in Azure Cosmos DB
31 August 2021, InfoQ.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Incident Underscores the Need to Closely Watch Cloud Data
30 August 2021, Dark Reading

ChaosDB: Infosec bods could pull anyone's plaintext Azure Cosmos DB keys at will from Microsoft admin tools
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