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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. RDF4J vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. RDF4J vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used RDBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Columnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score39.75
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1241.69
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.11
Rank#196  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score4.72
Rank#84  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­databaserdf4j.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaserdf4j.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.SAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2014198020041994
Current release21c, January 202116.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyesyes
TriggersJavaScriptyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracleRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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