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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Netezza vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Netezza vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBM  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceData warehouse and analytics appliance part of IBM PureSystemsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score19.61
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.79
Rank#56  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­netezzawww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMicrosoftIBMPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release201420001989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release12.1, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoincluded in applianceFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Fortran
Java
Lua
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
TriggersJavaScriptnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBMPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

How to do Bulk and Transactional Batch operations with the Azure Cosmos DB .NET SDK - Microsoft
17 January 2020, Channel 9

Ctrl + S (App Center Data) | Partly Cloudy - Microsoft
8 January 2020, Channel 9

Azure Cosmos DB gets built-in Jupyter notebooks support
1 October 2019, DevClass

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Get to know Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB use cases
11 November 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

RIP Netezza, IBM’s FPGA-powered data warehousing dream
3 July 2019, The Register

NN, Inc. names veteran consultants to board of directors
13 January 2020, Consulting.us

Breaking through Netezza End-of-Life
30 October 2018, Database Trends and Applications

Netezza SQL: GROUP_CONCAT, REPLACE and the Data Sampling Trick
31 January 2019, Toolbox

Netezza SQL Versus Oracle SQL; Things I Did Not Know
15 August 2018, Toolbox

provided by Google News

Aqua Data Studio Version 20.5 Introduces Support for Amazon RDS
14 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Save 97% off this Ultimate SQL Bootcamp Certification Bundle, now only $21
20 December 2019, Neowin

Hands-on SQL in PostgreSQL
16 December 2019, Database Journal

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

SAP SQL Anywhere
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)
2 April 2018, TechTarget

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

IoT Cloud Solutions Provide Enterprises Affordable Access to High-Speed Data Networks: SAP Labs
13 February 2018, DATAQUEST

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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