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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Neo4j vs. OrigoDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Neo4j vs. OrigoDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA fully ACID in-memory object graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#52  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#122  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbneo4j.comorigodb.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbneo4j.com/­docsorigodb.com/­docsdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.Robert Friberg et alStardog-Union
Initial release201420072009 infounder the name LiveDB2010
Current release4.3.6, October 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Sourcecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC#Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesUser defined using .NET types and collectionsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infocan be achieved using .NETno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenonoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersJavaScriptyes infovia event handleryes infoDomain Eventsyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes using Neo4j Fabrichorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronizednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replicationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsdepending on modelyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoWrite ahead logyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Role based authorizationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNeo4jOrigoDBStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

How PwC Germany Combats Money Laundering in Crypto Space with Neo4j
19 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j –Twitch, Stackoverflow, Masterclass, Workshop
15 October 2021

Jim Webber with Asurion’s Julie Fisher on Her Singular Path to Graph
14 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GDS 1.7 Features, Knowledge Graph with Spark and Neo4j, Digital Nomad Travel Logs, Link Predictions, Load Data Into AuraDB
9 October 2021

Combining Knowledge Graph and Graph Algorithms to Find Hidden Skills at NASA
8 October 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNeo4jOrigoDBStardog
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Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft to Azure Cosmos DB Users: Your Data May Have Been Exposed
30 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB incident underscores the need to closely watch cloud data – Urgent Comms
1 September 2021, Urgent Communications

Microsoft announces several new updates for Azure Cosmos DB - MSPoweruser
25 May 2021, MSPoweruser

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19 October 2021, Puck77

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19 October 2021, Puck77

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

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