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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Nebula Graph vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Nebula Graph vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.82
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#134  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperMicrosoftVesoft Inc.Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release201420192017
Current release2.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeStrong typed schemadepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocolBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access controlyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebula GraphYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more
News

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6 Release Note
8 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebula GraphYugabyteDB
Recent citations in the news

ChaosDB: Researchers share technical details of Azure flaw – Urgent Comms
11 November 2021, Urgent Communications

At Ignite, Microsoft enhances its cloud database, warehouse and lake services
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Stormy times for cloud compliance?
4 November 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft advances Cosmos DB and previews SQL Server 2022
2 November 2021, TechTarget

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Yugabyte Meets Developer Demand for Comprehensive PostgreSQL Compatibility with YugabyteDB 2.11
23 November 2021, The Bakersfield Californian

Yugabyte's latest funding round values the distributed SQL system at $1.3bn
29 October 2021, The Register

Yugabyte Launches Cloud Database-As-A-Service
20 September 2021, Forbes

Yugabyte Delivers Industry-First Smart Client Driver for Distributed SQL Database with YugabyteDB 2.9 Release
26 August 2021, Business Wire

Yugabyte CTO outlines a PostgreSQL path to distributed cloud
26 July 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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