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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score38.52
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score3.15
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbnsdb.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release201420172009
Current release2.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptno
TriggersJavaScriptClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*noyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNSDbRethinkDB
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Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft Warns Customers about a Critical Vulnerability in Azure Cosmos DB
31 August 2021, InfoQ.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Incident Underscores the Need to Closely Watch Cloud Data
30 August 2021, Dark Reading

Microsoft Pulls Azure Cosmos DB Component After Major Security Issue Exposed
27 August 2021, Petri.com

Azure Cosmos DB users urged to change digital keys as critical flaw emerges
29 August 2021, Reseller News

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5 October 2016, VentureBeat

The Cloud Native Compute Foundation acquires RethinkDB’s source code
6 February 2017, TechCrunch

Build real-time Web apps with RethinkDB
1 September 2015, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

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