DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.73
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201419951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.0.21, 202012.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
TriggersJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

NoSQL Software Market (Covid-19 Updated): Present Scenario And Growth Analysis Till 2026 | MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure, Cosmos DB, Couchbase.
12 August 2020, eRealty Express

Microsoft Announces a New Pricing Model Option for Azure Cosmos DB and More Capabilities
3 June 2020, InfoQ.com

Microsoft to introduce a free tier of its Cosmos DB NoSQL database
5 March 2020, ZDNet

Microsoft introduces major Azure Cosmos DB changes
29 May 2020, TechRadar

Document Databases Software Market Disclosing Latest Developments and Technology Advancements – 2026 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB.
5 August 2020, Owned

provided by Google News

ScaleFlux computational storage makes Percona MySQL faster
5 August 2020, Blocks and Files

NoSQL Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2026 | Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB
10 August 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Best data management course deal: 95% off MySQL bootcamp (UK deal)
2 August 2020, Mashable

When should I use Amazon RDS vs. Aurora Serverless?
13 August 2020, TechTarget

PHP MYSQL Programming, For Beginners, Quick Start Guide.
8 August 2020, Digital Market News

provided by Google News

Swarm64 and Command Prompt Partner to Expand Open Source PostgreSQL Support
10 August 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Migrating from SAP ASE to Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL
11 August 2020, idk.dev

Using logical replication to replicate managed Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL and Amazon Aurora to self-managed PostgreSQL
29 July 2020, idk.dev

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves In Evaluation Status for Common Criteria Certification
21 July 2020, PRNewswire

EDB Growth Accelerates With 65 Percent Increase in Subscription Revenue; 4300 Registrations for Postgres Vision
31 July 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL/ETL Engineer with Azure Databricks/Data Lake/Data Factory/Data Engineer
Softnice, Carrollton, TX

Azure Data Engineer
Wintellect, Atlanta, GA

Database Administrator - Contractor
WorkBoard, Redwood City, CA

Data Warehouse Developer
Link Consulting Services, Irvine, CA

Azure Data and AI Architect
Avanade, Los Angeles, CA

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Monee, IL

IT Intern - Seattle, WA
Remote Medical International, Seattle, WA

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

QA Tester II
Card Kingdom, Seattle, WA

Linux Administrator
HOSTCOPPER, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

IT Architect
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS

Business Analyst II
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Scala Engineer (all levels) - Remote
Axoni, New York, NY

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Science System and Applications, Inc., Greenbelt, MD

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Present your product here