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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA relational database management system that stores data in columnsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.41
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.11
Rank#130  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score4.98
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score137.80
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.monetdb.orgorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMonetDB BVOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2014200420102000
Current releaseJul2021-SP2, July 20213.1.9, February 20213.39.3  (5 September 2022), September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes, in SQL, C, RJava, Javascriptno
TriggersJavaScriptyesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding via remote tablesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMonetDBOrientDBSQLite
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