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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA relational database management system that stores data in columnsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score37.95
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.25
Rank#127  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score4.57
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.monetdb.orgorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMonetDB BVOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201420042010
Current releaseJul2021-SP2, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes, in SQL, C, RJava, Javascript
TriggersJavaScriptyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding via remote tablesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMonetDBOrientDB
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3 November 2022, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft Introduces Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL
16 October 2022, InfoQ.com

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30 October 2022, InfoQ.com

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