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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score20.31
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release201419892005
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
TriggersJavaScriptyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*noyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL ServerVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsColumnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL ServerVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft to Azure Cosmos DB Users: Your Data May Have Been Exposed
30 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB incident underscores the need to closely watch cloud data – Urgent Comms
1 September 2021, Urgent Communications

Microsoft Pulls Azure Cosmos DB Component After Major Security Issue Exposed
27 August 2021, Petri.com

Microsoft announces several new updates for Azure Cosmos DB - MSPoweruser
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Vertica Accelerator is Now Available on AWS
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6 October 2021, Analytics India Magazine

Vertica Announces General Availability of Vertica Accelerator, Its Latest SaaS Offering
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