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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.87
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.16
Rank#67  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score1.41
Rank#124  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablespingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201420122016
Current release3.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APIProprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnono
TriggersJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*noyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Safety First! Common Safety Pitfalls in Distributed Databases Found by Jepsen Tests
18 September 2019

How TSQ Becomes a Performance Bottleneck for TiKV in AWS ARM Environment
26 August 2019

Lesson Learned from Queries over 1.3 Trillion Rows of Data Within Milliseconds of Response Time at Zhihu.com
21 August 2019

Porting TiDB to ARM64 for Greater Flexibility
16 August 2019

Migrating the TiKV Rust Client from Futures 0.1 to 0.3
8 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTiDB
Recent citations in the news

How to use Jupyter Notebook and Apache Spark in Azure Cosmos DB - Microsoft
20 September 2019, Channel 9

Azure Cosmos DB update for August 2019 | Azure Friday - Microsoft
30 August 2019, Channel 9

Document Databases Software Market Is Booming Worldwide | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB
12 September 2019, Indian Columnist

Document Databases Software Market to See Major Growth by 2025 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos
20 September 2019, OnYourDesks

Global Document Databases Software Market 2019 Industry Status MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
16 September 2019, Herald Writer 24

provided by Google News

How to use Azure Table storage in .Net
14 January 2019, InfoWorld

Writing Tests for Azure Functions | On .NET - Microsoft
26 November 2018, Channel 9

Good news: Microsoft's Azure Data Box Disk is here. Bad news: UK South Storage is having a liedown
10 January 2019, The Register

Talend Introduces Fast, Frictionless Data Loading for Microsoft Azure
8 February 2019, MarTech Advisor

Writing server-side code in Azure Cosmos DB
30 April 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

Percona Unveils Stellar Keynote Schedule for Eighth Annual Percona Live Open Source Database Conference
9 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
22 January 2019, DevClass

TiDB open sources its MySQL/MariaDB compatible data migration (DM) tool
22 January 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

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