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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score36.70
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score75.22
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#161  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftYugabyte Inc.
Initial release201420102017
Current releaseV122.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQLyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB cache, serverless MongoDB and Managed Apache Cassandra | Azure Friday - Microsoft
9 July 2021, Channel 9

What is Azure Cosmos DB? - Azure Cosmos DB Tutorial
16 July 2021, Pirate Press

Announcing Tom Sawyer Graph Database Browser on Microsoft Azure Marketplace
12 July 2021, EIN News

Introducing Tom Sawyer Graph Database Browser on Microsoft Azure Marketplace
16 July 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Microsoft Azure receives new features and enhanced migration services
14 July 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Scale Out Your Databases with Azure SQL Hyperscale Named Replicas - Microsoft
22 July 2021, Channel 9

Setup Azure SQL Database to use with Azure Static Web Apps [Bonus] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
25 June 2021, Channel 9

Azure SQL Database Ledger​ - The power of blockchain with the simplicity of SQL - Microsoft
24 June 2021, Channel 9

Azure Arc-Enabled SQL Managed Instance Reaching GA Next Month
30 June 2021, Redmondmag.com

Track and Record Data Changes with Change Data Capture (CDC) in Azure SQL - Microsoft
1 July 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

Interview with Martin Gaffney, Vice President EMEA at Yugabyte: The Leader In Open Source Distributed SQL Databases
30 June 2021, TechRound

Yugabyte taps VSTECS to accelerate distributed SQL adoption in the country
16 July 2021, Manila Bulletin

Fauna adds geo-isolation to globally distributed database cloud
7 July 2021, ZDNet

Yugabyte announces $48M investment as cloud-native database makes enterprise push
3 March 2021, TechCrunch

Distributed SQL Database Demand Drives Yugabyte's Expansion Worldwide
19 May 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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