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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Transbase vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Transbase vs. VoltDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMSDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Score1.72
Rank#130  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-databasewww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-insidedocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftTransaction Software GmbHVoltDB Inc.
Initial release2014201019872010
Current releaseV12Transbase 8.4, September 202010.1, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infofree development licenseOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Java, C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyesyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQLyesJava
TriggersJavaScriptyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDyesACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureTransbaseVoltDB
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Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft to Azure Cosmos DB Users: Your Data May Have Been Exposed
30 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB incident underscores the need to closely watch cloud data – Urgent Comms
1 September 2021, Urgent Communications

Microsoft Pulls Azure Cosmos DB Component After Major Security Issue Exposed
27 August 2021, Petri.com

Four new Microsoft Azure vulnerabilities reported - Security
17 September 2021, CRN Australia

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New Microsoft Learn Modules: Azure SQL IoT and Azure Arc-enabled data services - Microsoft
23 September 2021, Channel 9

How to find the right Azure SQL SKU for your SQL workloads - Microsoft
30 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Q&A with Karen Lopez: A Database Designer's Favorite New SQL Server Features
22 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

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VoltDB Launches Active(N) Lossless Cross Data Center Replication
31 August 2021, PRNewswire

VoltDB Partners with Google Cloud for 5G Edge Applications
24 June 2021, PRNewswire

VoltDB Reveals Key Features to Optimize 5G, Cloud, and Edge
28 June 2021, PRNewswire

Coppel Mexico Picks VoltDB to Power Customer Profiles
10 June 2021, PRNewswire

VoltDB Upgrades Power, Security of Its In-Memory Database | eWEEK
1 February 2017, eWeek

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