DB-EnginesExtremeDB: hybrid in-memory and persistent storage based on a true IMDSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. TimescaleDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score36.70
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score75.22
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score3.14
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release201420102017
Current releaseV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQLuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
TriggersJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosDevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsWith over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Azure Cosmos DB cache, serverless MongoDB and Managed Apache Cassandra | Azure Friday - Microsoft
9 July 2021, Channel 9

What is Azure Cosmos DB? - Azure Cosmos DB Tutorial
16 July 2021, Pirate Press

Azure Week sharing the latest Microsoft platform
28 July 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Announcing Tom Sawyer Graph Database Browser on Microsoft Azure Marketplace
12 July 2021, EIN News

NoSQL Databases Software Market Top Manufacturers Analysis by 2026: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc. – SoccerNurds
27 July 2021, SoccerNurds

provided by Google News

Track and Record Data Changes with Change Data Capture (CDC) in Azure SQL - Microsoft
1 July 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft launches Azure Arc-enabled SQL in general availability
29 June 2021, VentureBeat

Azure Arc-Enabled SQL Managed Instance Reaching GA Next Month
30 June 2021, Redmondmag.com

Scale Out Your Databases with Azure SQL Hyperscale Named Replicas - Microsoft
22 July 2021, Channel 9

SQL Transaction Processing, Price-Performance Testing – Gigaom
28 July 2021, Gigaom

provided by Google News

Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

Timescale Launches Industry's First Multi-Node Relational Database for Time-Series Data, Giving Organizations Unprecedented Scale
29 October 2020, Business Wire

Timescale scales out and sets its sights on analytics
17 June 2021, ZDNet

AiThority Interview with Oleg Bartunov, CEO at Postgres Professional
5 July 2021, AiThority

TimescaleDB Delivers Another Option for Time-Series Analytics
17 October 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Microsoft Dynamics - Azure - Integration - C# , Fort worth TX
CBL SOLUTIONS INC, Remote

AZure database engineer
Volto Consulting, Remote

Azure Platform Developer
System Soft Technologies, Remote

Senior Data Services Engineer
Homecare Homebase, Remote

Azure Cloud Architect
Planet Technologies, Remote

Azure SQL Database Administrator
Accelatis, Remote

SQL Database Administrator
Calportland, Glendora, CA

Sr. SQL Server DBA
Piper Companies, Remote

Azure SQL Database Administrator
Datavail, United States

Senior SQL DBA
Piper Companies, Remote

Software Developer
Pingman Tools, Boise, ID

Full Stack Engineer, Software Integrations (Remote)
MachineMetrics, Massachusetts

Senior Graphic Designer
Timescale, New York State

Environmental Data Engineer
Axiom Data Science, Remote

Full Stack Engineer (Remote)
MachineMetrics, Massachusetts

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here