DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog vs. TimesTen

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1.73
Rank#129  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.stardog.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-UnionOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2014201020101998
Current releaseV127.3.0, May 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaPL/SQL
TriggersJavaScriptyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardogTimesTen
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardogTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Setup Cosmos DB w/ a MongoDB API to use w/ Azure Static Web Apps [16 of 16] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
17 June 2021, Channel 9

Build 2021: Microsoft announces new features for Azure database services
20 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Scott Guthrie's boldest remarks at Microsoft Build 2021 - Cloud - Software
28 May 2021, CRN Australia

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

NoSQL Databases Software Market Innovative Strategy by 2028 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB – The Courier
28 May 2021, The Courier

provided by Google News

Azure SQL Database Ledger​ - The power of blockchain with the simplicity of SQL - Microsoft
24 June 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Azure Arc - Bringing The Best Of The Public Cloud To Hybrid And Multi-Cloud Environments
1 June 2021, Forbes

Query Store Hints in Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
10 June 2021, Channel 9

How To Use Query Store Hints in Azure SQL
15 June 2021, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

The Guy That Created SAP's Hottest Product Ever Thinks It Will Clobber Oracle
25 January 2012, Business Insider

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Azure Data Engineer
W.B. Mason Company, Inc, Brockton, MA

BI Developer
PLS Financial Services, Inc., Oak Brook, IL

SQL Developer- Moultrie Mobile
EBSCO Industries Inc, Birmingham, AL

Data Analyst, Officer
QCR Holdings, Inc., Des Moines, IA

Principal Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

SQL Database Administrator
Calportland, Glendora, CA

Azure SQL Consultant
JDA TSG, Remote

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

Database Administrator, Senior
Cook Children's Health Care System, Fort Worth, TX

Azure SQL DBA
CGI Group, Inc., Richmond, VA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here