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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ScyllaDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ScyllaDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column storeEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#102  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score1.73
Rank#129  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.scylladb.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.scylladb.comdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftScyllaDBStardog-Union
Initial release2014201020152010
Current releaseV12Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQLyes, Luauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersJavaScriptyesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoin-memory tablesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureScyllaDBStardog
Specific characteristicsScylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosAdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersComcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsScylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureScyllaDBStardog
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Conferences and events

Scylla Virtual Workshop
Virtual Workshop, 10 AM PT / 1 PM ET / 6 PM BST, 25 June 2021

Scylla University LIVE (EMEA and APAC)
12PM-4PM GMT / 2PM-6PM CEST / 5:30PM-9:30PM IST, 28 July 2021

Scylla University LIVE (AMERICAS)
9AM-1PM PT / 12PM-4PM ET / 1PM-5PM BRT, 29 July 2021

Finished events

Building Event Streaming Architectures on Scylla and Kafka
Webinar, 10 AM PT / 1 PM ET / 6 PM GMT, 17 June 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Build 2021: Microsoft Azure Data Updates for Cosmos DB and Synapse Analytics
25 May 2021, WinBuzzer

Setup Cosmos DB w/ a MongoDB API to use w/ Azure Static Web Apps [16 of 16] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
17 June 2021, Channel 9

Document Databases Software Market Size and Growth 2021-2028 | Top Vendors – MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
20 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Build 2021: Microsoft announces new features for Azure database services
30 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

NoSQL Databases Software Market Innovative Strategy by 2028 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB – The Courier
28 May 2021, The Courier

provided by Google News

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Use Query Store Hints in Azure SQL
15 June 2021, Redmondmag.com

Disaster Recovery Options for Azure SQL Databases | Data Exposed - Microsoft
25 May 2021, Channel 9

Query Store Hints in Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
10 June 2021, Channel 9

Azure Arc - Bringing The Best Of The Public Cloud To Hybrid And Multi-Cloud Environments
1 June 2021, Forbes

provided by Google News

ScyllaDB Announces Comprehensive Support for Apache Kafka
20 June 2021, AiThority

ScyllaDB Announces Scylla Enterprise 2021 NoSQL Database
20 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

ScyllaDB Announces NoSQL SOC2 Certification
13 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

ScyllaDB Unveils 'Monstrous' New Capabilities for Its NoSQL
12 January 2021, GlobeNewswire

ScyllaDB Announces Scylla Enterprise 2020 NoSQL Database
19 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

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