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DBMS > Microsoft Azure AI Search vs. Redis vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure AI Search vs. Redis vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure AI Search  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMSDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.68
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score156.77
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score3.90
Rank#74  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchredis.com
redis.io
www.timescale.com
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
docs.timescale.com
DeveloperMicrosoftRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Timescale
Initial release201520092017
Current releaseV17.2.5, May 20242.15.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnowith RediSQL moduleyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)user defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnopublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnothrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infousing Azure authenticationAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication
fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure AI SearchRedisTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

Announcing updates to Azure AI Search to help organizations build and scale generative AI applications
4 April 2024, Microsoft

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3 July 2024, Microsoft

Public Preview of Azure OpenAI and AI Search in-app connectors for Logic Apps (Standard)
2 April 2024, Microsoft

Microsoft’s Azure AI Search updated with increased storage, vector index size
5 April 2024, InfoWorld

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2 May 2024, Microsoft

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Redis Improves Performance of Vector Semantic Search with Multi-Threaded Query Engine
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Introducing Valkey GLIDE, an open source client library for Valkey and Redis open source
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21 March 2024, TechCrunch

Redis acquires storage engine startup Speedb to enhance its open-source database
21 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

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TimescaleDB Is a Vector Database Now, Too
25 September 2023, Datanami

Timescale Acquires PopSQL to Bring a Modern, Collaborative SQL GUI to PostgreSQL Developers
4 April 2024, PR Newswire

Power IoT and time-series workloads with TimescaleDB for Azure Database for PostgreSQL
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Timescale Valuation Rockets to Over $1B with $110M Round, Marking the Explosive Rise of Time-Series Data
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