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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A widely used enterprise search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score137.31
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score59.64
Rank#16  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesslucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release19922004
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20198.1.1, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java VM and a servlet container inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno infosupports limited query time joins
APIs and other access methodsDAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJava plugins
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonecloud/distributed (via Zookeeper)
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoslaves poll the master in predefined intervalls
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingoptimistic locking infoSolr 4
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
Microsoft AccessSolr
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