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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Realm vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Realm vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.24
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score9.20
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessrealm.iosqrrl.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Amazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release199220142012
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003yesCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft AccessRealmSqrrl
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Microsoft AccessRealmSqrrl
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