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DBMS > dBASE vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison dBASE vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamedBASE  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptiondBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.24
Rank#43  Overall
#27  Relational DBMS
Score107.93
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score634.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.dbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAsthon TateMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release197919921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releasedBASE 2019, 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201916.2, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsDOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsnone infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
dBASEMicrosoft AccessPostgreSQL
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