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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA widely used enterprise search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score143.78
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score478.89
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score60.80
Rank#16  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.orglucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualslucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release19921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2004
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201911.3, May 20198.0.0, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VM and a servlet container inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno infosupports limited query time joins
APIs and other access methodsDAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java plugins
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionscloud/distributed (via Zookeeper)
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoslaves poll the master in predefined intervalls
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDoptimistic locking infoSolr 4
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft AccessPostgreSQLSolr
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