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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Access and PostgreSQL with MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score131.18
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsDAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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More resources
Microsoft AccessPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

How Low-Code Platforms Make Full-Stack Development Simpler, Faster
15 October 2019, eWeek

4 methods to fix Unrecognized Database Format in MS Access
15 January 2019, Windows Report

Fix Microsoft Office Access error in loading DLL with these steps
16 August 2019, Windows Report

Azure gets some new features and enhancements for Archive Storage
19 August 2019, Neowin

The State of Structured Query Language (SQL) in 2019
11 February 2019, Dice Insights

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

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3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

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