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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Access and PostgreSQL with MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score144.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score478.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201911.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsDAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft AccessPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MS Access drops in DB-Engines Ranking
2 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Import MS Access Data Into Epicor?
17 April 2019, Toolbox

Top 5 Most Dreaded Programming Languages of 2019
23 April 2019, Technotification

Apache OpenOffice: The Free Open-Source Office Software Suite
23 April 2019, TWCN Tech News

Analyst/Programmer
23 February 2019, BethesdaMagazine.com

Shrewsbury and Telford NHS trust to create £800k data warehouse
18 April 2019, PublicTechnology

provided by Google News

Should I Support Postgres In-House?
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27 March 2019, Finger Lakes Times

"Feature" of PostgreSQL 9.3 could enable hackers to execute code; affects Mac, Windows, Linux
1 April 2019, SC Magazine UK

PostgreSQL security: a quick look at authentication best practices [Tutorial]
12 April 2019, Packt Hub

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