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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. mSQL vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. mSQL vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)mSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score125.99
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#126  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Score1.20
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesshughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release199219941984
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20194.4, October 20217.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
HP Open VMS
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingnoyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003no

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More resources
Microsoft AccessmSQL infoMini SQLOracle Rdb
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