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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sphinx vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Sphinx vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engineKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score125.14
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#149  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score6.69
Rank#51  Overall
#5  Search engines
Score0.08
Rank#288  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Websiteproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlsphinxsearch.comstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Sphinx Technologies Inc.STS Soft SC
Initial release1992198420012011
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.3.3.2.0, 20193.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C#
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsHP Open VMSFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)no
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenono
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingyes, on a single nodenono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003nono

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More resources
Microsoft AccessOracle RdbSphinxSTSdb
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