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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRDF storeSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score121.92
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#146  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score0.42
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score6.49
Rank#52  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websiteproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlrdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.rdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release1992198420042001
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.3.3.2.0, 20193.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsHP Open VMSLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyesnoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Java
PHP
Python
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesno
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingyes, on a single nodeACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003nono

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More resources
Microsoft AccessOracle RdbRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinx
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