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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score115.40
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1269.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score30.05
Rank#27  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.oracle.com/­databasewww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release199219802014
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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