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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Neo4j vs. OpenTSDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Neo4j vs. OpenTSDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOpenTSDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Open source graph databaseScalable Time Series DBMS based on HBaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score50.63
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#118  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessneo4j.comopentsdb.netwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessneo4j.com/­docsopentsdb.net/­docs/­build/­html/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.currently maintained by Yahoo and other contributorsPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1992200720111989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20194.1.2, September 202013.0, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoLGPLOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJavaC
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumeric data for metrics, strings for tagsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Telnet API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go
Java
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infobased on HBasepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infobased on HBaseSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency infobased on HBaseImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft AccessNeo4jOpenTSDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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25 September 2020

Elsevier Boosts Global COVID-19 Research with Neo4j
24 September 2020

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23 September 2020

Analyzing the FinCEN Files with Neo4j
22 September 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft AccessNeo4jOpenTSDBPostgreSQL
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