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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Microsofts flagship relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score131.03
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score929.09
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftBasho Technologies
Initial release199219892009
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2022, November 20222.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++Erlang
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Microsoft AccessMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KV
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