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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TiDB vs. WakandaDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TiDB vs. WakandaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonWakandaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.WakandaDB is embedded in a server that provides a REST API and a server-side javascript engine to access data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSObject oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score116.94
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score38.52
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.66
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#327  Overall
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbpingcap.comwakanda.github.io
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stabledoc.wakanda.org/­home2.en.html#/­Datastore/­Introduction.200-588937.en.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.Wakanda SAS
Initial release1992201420162012
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20195.0.1, April 20212.7.0 (AprilĀ 29, 2019), 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPLv3, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, RustC++, JavaScript
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptnoyes
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.yes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTiDBWakandaDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTiDBWakandaDB
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