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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SiteWhere vs. SpaceTime vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SiteWhere vs. SpaceTime vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSiteWhere  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceM2M integration platform for persisting/querying time series dataSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score125.99
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.02
Rank#336  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#5  Spatial DBMS
Score128.68
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbsitewhere.iowww.mireo.hr/­spacetimewww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbsitewhere.io/­docs/­2.1.0www.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftSiteWhereMireoDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release19922014201020202000
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoCommon Public Attribution License Version 1.0commercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++C
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linuxserver-less
Data schemeyesschema-freepredefined schemeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languagenoA subset of ANSI SQL is implementedyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
HTTP RESTRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptnono
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infobased on HBaseFixed-grid hypercubesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factor infobased on HBaseReal-time block device replication (DRBD)none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptyesno

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More resources
Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSiteWhereSpaceTimeSQLite
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