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DBMS > Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score116.94
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score38.52
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score1.21
Rank#159  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release19922014201020102017
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019V127.3.0, May 20202.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScriptyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardogYugabyteDB
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