DBMS > Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL vs. YugabyteDB
System Properties Comparison Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL vs. YugabyteDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Memgraph Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||YugabyteDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||An open source graph database built for real-time streaming and compatible with Neo4j||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
Wide column store
|Social network pages|
|Developer||Memgraph Ltd||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Yugabyte Inc.|
|Initial release||2017||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2017|
|Current release||16.0, September 2023||2.18, May 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial Free license available||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.||YugabyteDB Managed is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||Linux||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||schema-free and schema-optional||yes||depending on used data model|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes, PostgreSQL compatible|
|APIs and other access methods||Bolt protocol|
Cypher query language
native C library
streaming API for large objects
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes sql, plpgsql, C|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding dynamic graph partitioning||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Hash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication using RAFT||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes relationships in graphs||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID with snapshot isolation||ACID||Distributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes with periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes||yes||yes based on RocksDB|
|User concepts Access control||Users, roles and permissions||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...|
|YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...|
|Competitive advantages||Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...|
|PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....|
|Typical application scenarios||Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...|
|Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...|
|Market metrics||2 Million+ lifetime clusters deployed, 6.5K+ GitHub stars, 7K YugabyteDB Community...|
|Licensing and pricing models||You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .|
|Apache 2.0 license for the database|
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring. |
Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.
Timescale: Calling all PostgreSQL users – the 2023 State of PostgreSQL survey is now open! Share your favorite extensions, preferred frameworks, community experiences, and more. Take the survey today!
Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
|DB-Engines blog posts|
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
|Conferences and events|
PostgreSQL 101: An introduction to Multi-Version Concurrency Control and Vacuum
|Recent citations in the news|
Graph database company Memgraph raises $9.34M
Real-Time Streaming Processing Platform Market Growth- Comprehensive Size and Share Report from 2023-2029
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