DBMS > Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL vs. Transwarp StellarDB
System Properties Comparison Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL vs. Transwarp StellarDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Memgraph Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Transwarp StellarDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||An open source graph database built for real-time streaming and compatible with Neo4j||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A distributed graph DBMS built for enterprise-level graph applications|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|Social network pages|
|Developer||Memgraph Ltd||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Transwarp|
|Initial release||2017||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL|
|Current release||16.0, September 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial Free license available||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C|
|Server operating systems||Linux||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||schema-free and schema-optional||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||SQL-like query language|
|APIs and other access methods||Bolt protocol|
Cypher query language
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding dynamic graph partitioning||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication using RAFT||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes relationships in graphs||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID with snapshot isolation||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes with periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users, roles and permissions||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...|
|Competitive advantages||Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...|
|Typical application scenarios||Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...|
|Licensing and pricing models||You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .|
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring. |
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|Conferences and events|
PostgreSQL 101: An introduction to Multi-Version Concurrency Control and Vacuum
|Recent citations in the news|
Graph database company Memgraph raises $9.34M
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