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DBMS > Memgraph vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Memgraph vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.26
Rank#273  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Score114.94
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitememgraph.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.memgraph.comdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperMemgraph LtdMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201719922014
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoFree license availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infodynamic graph partitioningnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infowith snapshot isolationACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissionsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
MemgraphMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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