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DBMS > MaxDB vs. MongoDB vs. PouchDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison MaxDB vs. MongoDB vs. PouchDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument storeRDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.04
Rank#83  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score488.57
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.98
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score0.68
Rank#211  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitemaxdb.sap.comwww.mongodb.compouchdb.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualpouchdb.com/­guidesrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997MongoDB, IncApache Software FoundationSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release1984200920122004
Current release7.9.10 (January 2020), 20205.0.5, December 20217.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open SourceOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++JavaScriptJava
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
JavaScriptJava
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
MaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMongoDBPouchDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
MaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMongoDBPouchDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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