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DBMS > MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.56
Rank#81  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score40.82
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitemaxdb.sap.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbsqrrl.com
Technical documentationmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997MicrosoftAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release198420142012
Current release7.9.10 (January 2020), 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptno
TriggersyesJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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More resources
MaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSqrrl
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