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DBMS > MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.04
Rank#83  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score488.57
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.98
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Document stores
Websitemaxdb.sap.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mongodb.compouchdb.com
Technical documentationmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.mongodb.com/­manualpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997MicrosoftMongoDB, IncApache Software Foundation
Initial release1984201420092012
Current release7.9.10 (January 2020), 20205.0.5, December 20217.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptJavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
MaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDBPouchDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
MaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDBPouchDB
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