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DBMS > MarkLogic vs. PostgreSQL vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison MarkLogic vs. PostgreSQL vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.42
Rank#67  Overall
#11  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#8  Search engines
Score638.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score156.77
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.progress.com/­marklogicwww.postgresql.orgredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationwww.progress.com/­marklogic/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperMarkLogic Corp.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release20011989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2009
Current release11.0, December 202216.3, May 20247.2.5, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
PostgreSQL Flex @ STACKIT offers managed PostgreSQL Instances with adjustable CPU, RAM, storage amount and speed and several extensions available, in enterprise grade to perfectly match all application requirements. All 100% GDPR-compliant.
Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL92yes infostandard with numerous extensionswith RediSQL module
APIs and other access methodsJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyesyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsnothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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More resources
MarkLogicPostgreSQLRedis
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2023
2 January 2024, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

MongoDB is the DBMS of the year, defending the title from last year
7 January 2015, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences, events and webinars

Progress MarkLogic World
Washington DC, 23-25 September 2024

PASS Data Community Summit
Seattle, Washington, 4-8 November 2024

Recent citations in the news

Progress Introduces MarkLogic FastTrack, Helping Organizations Harness the Power of Connected Data
23 July 2024, GlobeNewswire

Progress Introduces MarkLogic FastTrack, Helping Organizations Harness the Power of Connected Data
23 July 2024, StockTitan

Progress Software introduces MarkLogic FastTrack
23 July 2024, TipRanks

Intelligence for multi-domain warfighters can now be sourced from logistics operations
13 May 2024, Breaking Defense

Seven Quick Steps to Setting Up MarkLogic Server in Kubernetes
1 February 2024, release.nl

provided by Google News

Pgextensions Index For PostgreSQL
22 July 2024, iProgrammer

Synopsis of several compelling features in PostgreSQL 16 | Amazon Web Services
12 July 2024, AWS Blog

Best of Makers: PostgreSQL Takes a New Turn
22 February 2024, The New Stack

Managed PostgreSQL service provider Tembo raises $14M
3 July 2024, SiliconANGLE News

General availability: Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server enhanced disaster recovery features
24 April 2024, Microsoft

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Redis Improves Performance of Vector Semantic Search with Multi-Threaded Query Engine
19 July 2024, InfoQ.com

Valkey Will Not Just Be a Redis Retread
17 July 2024, The New Stack

Redis acquires storage engine startup Speedb to enhance its open-source database
21 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Redis switches licenses, acquires Speedb to go beyond its core in-memory database
21 March 2024, TechCrunch

Redis expands data management capabilities with Speedb acquisition
22 March 2024, Blocks & Files

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