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DBMS > MarkLogic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison MarkLogic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#5  Search engines
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#91  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#334  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitewww.marklogic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docsgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperMarkLogic Corp.MicrosoftHibernating RhinosTerark
Initial release2001198920102016
Current release9.0, 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20195.3, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C#C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL92yesSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsnoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleno
More information provided by the system vendor
MarkLogicMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTerarkDB
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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More resources
MarkLogicMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTerarkDB
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