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DBMS > MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.50
Rank#56  Overall
#10  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#5  Search engines
Score105.40
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score829.80
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.marklogic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.marklogic.comdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesslearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperMarkLogic Corp.MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release200119921989
Current release11.0, December 20221902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL92yes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
MarkLogicMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft SQL Server
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