DB-EnginesGraphDB banner English
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Key-value store
Document store
Key-value store
Document store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score67.51
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1196.07
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score405.81
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200919951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.3.8, July 20188.0.11, April 201810.4, May 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a ServiceGoogle Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud PlatformGoogle Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdeclarative partitioning (by range or by list) since PostgreSQL 10.0 infoprior to 10.0, partitioning could be realized with table inheritance
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

3rd party products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Alibaba Cloud - ApsaraDB for RDS: On-demand Database Hosting Service for MySQL, SQL Server and PostgreSQL.
» more

Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

2ndQuadrant: The team of diligent PostgreSQL experts.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

How to install nextCloud 13 on Ubuntu 18.04
20 June 2018, TechRepublic

Стартапы дня год спустя: база данных MariaDB, сеть апартаментов Sweet Inn, сервис предзаказа еды LevelUp и ...
14 July 2018, vc.ru

Software-update: MariaDB 10.3.8
3 July 2018, Tweakers

Licensing Reform Movement Gathers Steam
17 July 2018, EnterpriseTech

A Movement Builds as a Diverse Group of 14 Additional Leaders Seek Greater Predictability in Open Source Licensing
16 July 2018, Business Wire (press release)

provided by Google News

MySQL tutorial: Get started with MySQL 8
5 July 2018, InfoWorld

GitHub Engineering Adopts New Architecture for MySQL High Availability
8 July 2018, InfoQ.com

Displaying Leading and Trailing Whitespace on Varchar Columns in MySQL
9 July 2018, Database Journal

MySQL Performance Boosting with Indexes and Explain
21 June 2018, SitePoint

Help with PHP & MySQL: Novice to Ninja - Cannot create class?
17 July 2018, SitePoint

provided by Google News

How to install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 18.04
12 July 2018, TechRepublic

Global Data Base Management Systems (DBMS) Market 2018 Prognosis- PostgreSQL, IBM, Microsoft and Oracle
17 July 2018, thebusinesstactics.com

Global Data Base Management Systems (DBMS) Market 2018 Overview & Trends- PostgreSQL, Microsoft, IBM and ...
12 July 2018, faircolumnist.com

How ProPublica Illinois Uses GNU Make to Load 1.4GB of Data Every Day
10 July 2018, ProPublica

Call for Speakers Now Open for Percona Live Open Source Database Conference Europe 2018
10 July 2018, GlobeNewswire (press release)

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Lead System Administrator - Remote
Parsons, Aberdeen, MD

Systems Analyst 1
Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN

Server Admin
Woongjin, Inc, Ridgefield Park, NJ

Network Technician
Midwest Energy & Communications, Cassopolis, MI

IT Support Specialist, Tech Lead
Fiserv, Parsippany, NJ

Database Administrator V
KRAEMER DESIGN SERVICES, Chandler, AZ

MS SQL Database Administrator
AssistRx, Orlando, FL

Database Administrator Job
SAIC, Rockville, MD

Enterprise Database Administrator
Cerner Corporation, Kansas City, MO

Cloud Database Administrator
Hendricks Regional Health, Woburn, MA

Senior Database & Cloud Administrator
The DBA Zone, United States

Senior Database Administrator
Clarivate Analytics, Philadelphia, PA

Senior Database Administrator
General Dynamics Information Technology, Herndon, VA

Senior PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Omnitracs, Dallas, TX

Senior Database Administrator
Deluxe Entertainment, Burbank, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Datastax logo

Datastax delivers Apache Cassandra as part of a database platform purpose built for IOT, Web and Mobile Apps. Download now.

RavenDB logo

Runs on Windows, Linux, Raspberry Pi. Easy to Operate, Fast Performance.
APIs for JS, .NET, Python.
Take a Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your step-by-step guide comparing RDBMS to graph databases, including data models, query languages, and deployment strategies.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here