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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Additional database modelsDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Key-value store
Document store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.30
Rank#17  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1299.71
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score386.18
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200919951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.2.12, January 20185.7.20, October 201710.1, November 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infopropriatary syntaxyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdeclarative partitioning (by range or by list) since PostgreSQL 10.0 infoprior to 10.0, partitioning could be realized with table inheritance
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

3rd party products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Alibaba Cloud - ApsaraDB for RDS: On-demand Database Hosting Service for MySQL, SQL Server and PostgreSQL.
» more

Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

MONYOG: Monitor standard & hosted MySQL database servers.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more
Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

M18 - MariaDB User Conference 2018
New York City, USA, 26-27 February 2018

PGCon 2018, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 29 May 2018 - 1 June 2018

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