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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Realm vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Realm vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score106.42
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score9.59
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score3.26
Rank#95  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
realm.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryrealm.io/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200920142016
Current release10.6.5, November 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyesyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBRealmTiDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

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More resources
MariaDBRealmTiDB
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